BEST FIGHTER JET

BEST FIGHTER JET

THERE ARE MANY VERY GOOD JETS IN THE WORLD BUT VERY FEW OF THEM CAN BE CONSIDERED AS
BEST FIGHTER JET.
EVERY JET CURRENTLY PRESENT HAVE SOME PROS AND SOME CONS 
SO DEPENDING UPON THE WARFARE CONDITIONS,PILOT TRAINING AND KNOWLEDGE,AWACS  SUPPORT,LOGISTICS,ALTITUDE AND OTHER FACTORS WE HAVE TO DECIDE WHICH JET WILL BE BEST.

WE HAVE SHORTLISTED 4 OF THE WORLD’S BEST FIGHTER JETS
ALL OF THESE JETS ARE AMONG BEST
WE CAN’T COMPARE THESE SHORTLISTED JETS WITH EACH OTHERS AS EACH OF THESE JETS ARE SUITABLE AND BEST FOR THE CERTAIN CONDITIONS
SO LETS BEGIN….

EUROFIGHTER TYPHOON

The Eurofighter Typhoon is the world’s most modern swing-role fighter. Once conceived as a multi-national program to modernize the European Air Forces, the Eurofighter Typhoon has in the meantime been sold to 5 additional customers (Austria, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Sultanate of Oman, Kuwait and Qatar) and thus doubled the number of its original user nations.

 It is powered by two EJ200 engines that give the Eurofighter Typhoon its impressive thrust-to-weight ratio and maneuverability.

The core of this state of the art weapon system is its Identification capability and sensor fusion, based on the CAPTOR-E AESA radar and the PIRATE FLIR sensor while being protected by the PRAETORIAN Electronic Defensive Aid Sub System (DASS).

 No other fighter aircraft has integrated a comparably high number of European and US weapons and is thus combat ready whatever the mission.

The Eurofighter Typhoon is the world’s most advanced new generation multi-role/swing-role combat aircraft available on the market.

It represents the peak of British, German, Italian and Spanish collaborative technology in avionics, aerodynamics, materials, manufacturing techniques and engines.

 Eurofighter Typhoon is Europe’s largest military collaborative program.

Eurofighter Typhoon is the only fighter to offer wide-ranging operational capabilities whilst at the same time delivering unparalleled fleet effectiveness.

620 Eurofighter Typhoon aircraft have been ordered by the four programme nations. Austria has booked and received 15 aircraft. Another 72 have been ordered by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and delivery began in June 2009.

The Kingdom of Oman was ordering 12 Eurofighter Typhoon in 2012 with delivery to start in 2017.

In September 2015 the State of Kuwait and Italy have signed a MoU for the supply of 28 Eurofighter Typhoon with deliveries to start from 2019.

The Kingdom of Qatar signed a contract  in December 2017 for 24 aircraft (20 single seater and 4 twin seater) with deliveries to start in late 2022.

Final assembly of the series production aircraft is in full swing in the four countries. Delivery to the five partner nations started in 2003.

MAIN FEATURES

 

1. Future-oriented modular avionic and digital flight control system

2. Super-cruising, multi-role, swing-role capabilities.

3. Ultra-modern human-machine interface: LCD screens, Hands on Throttle and Stick (HOTAS) functionalities, the Helmet Mounted Display (HMD), and direct voice input.

4. Advanced sensor data fusion and Multifunctional Information Distribution System (MIDS)

5. AESA radar and sensitive Infra-Red Search and Tracking system (IRST)

6. Extensive weapons/stores inventory on 13 hard points.

7. Stealth features and powerful engines.

8. Automated and mission-tailored defensive aids for high survivability.

9. Designed for continuous growth with low cost of ownership.

COCKPIT

The pilot’s control system is a voice throttle and stick system (VTAS). The stick and throttle tops house 24 fingertip controls for sensor and weapon control, defence aids management, and inflight handling.

 The direct voice input allows the pilot to carry out mode selection and data entry procedures using voice command.

The quadruplex fly-by-wire flight control system has an automatic low-speed recovery system (ALSR) which provides the pilot with visual and audio low speed warning and will, if necessary, automatically take control of the aircraft and return to safe flight.

The BAE Systems striker helmet-mounted symbology system (HMS) and head up display show the flight reference data, weapon aiming and cueing, and the FLIR imagery.

 BAE Systems TERPROM ground proximity warning system is being fitted.

The cockpit has three multifunction colour head-down displays (MHDD) which show the tactical situation, systems status and EADS digital map displays.

 An international consortium EuroMIDS, which includes Data Link Solutions of the US, supplies the MIDS low volume terminal provides Link 16 capability for secure transfer of data.

ENGINE

The Eurofighter is equipped with two Eurojet EJ200 engines, each delivering thrust of 90kN in full reheat and 60kN in dry power mode. Single-stage turbines drive the three-stage fan and five-stage HP compressor. The EJ200 engine has been developed by Eurojet, in Munich.

The engine features: digital control; wide chord aerofoils and single crystal turbine blades; a convergent / divergent exhaust nozzle; and integrated health monitoring.
for more information on eurofighter typhoon visit this : typhoon

RAFALE


Rafale is a twin-jet combat aircraft capable of carrying out a wide range of short and long-range missions, including ground and sea attacks, reconnaissance, high-accuracy strikes and nuclear strike deterrence.

The aircraft were developed for the French Air Force and Navy. France’s Air Force and Navy ordered 180 (132 for the air force and 48 for the navy), 100 aircraft had been delivered by the end of 2010.

The Rafale entered service with the French Navy in 2004 and  the French Air Force in 2006. Ten aircraft are operational on the Charles de Gaulle aircraft carrier.

The State of Qatar signed a contract with Dassault Aviation to acquire 24 Rafale fighters in May 2015. The $7bn contract also includes an option for 12 additional fighters and the option was exercised by Qatar in December 2017.

The deliveries of the 36 multirole fighters are expected to start in 2019.

Rafale B and C entered service with the French Air Force in June 2006, when the first squadron was established. The second air force squadron was set up in 2008.

 A  USD 3.89 billion contract to develop the fully capable F3 standard aircraft was awarded to Dassault Aviation USD 1.72 billion, Snecma USD 689 million, Thales USD 574 million and other French contractors by the French Ministry of Defence in February 2004

An order for 59 F3 aircraft, 47 for the air force (11 two-seat and 36 single-seat) and 12 (single-seat) for the navy, was placed in December 2004.

The Rafale F3 was certified in July 2008. The contract also includes upgrades of the Rafale F2 aircraft.

The first Rafale F3 was delivered to the French Air Force in 2008. In March 2007, three French Air Force and three navy Rafale fighters were deployed in Tajikistan in support of the NATO International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan.

The French Government ordered 60 additional Rafale aircraft in November 2009. Brazil’s Government awarded a $4bn contract to Dassault Aviation in January 2010 to supply 36 Rafale multirole aircraft.

The UAE was expected to acquire the Rafale under a $10bn contract to replace its 60 ageing Mirage fighters.

In November 2011, however, the deal came to a standstill when the UAE termed Dassault’s price and terms as ‘uncompetitive’. The country is also considering Eurofighter Typhoon to replace its ageing Mirage fighters.

In February 2012, the Indian Ministry of Defence selected Rafale for the Indian Air Force’s MMRCA (medium multirole combat aircraft) programme. The contract is worth approximately USD 20 billion.

Rafale emerged as the preferred aircraft  among various contenders for what is being called the biggest military aviation contract in the world. Its closest contender was Eurofighter’s Typhoon.

Under the contract, Dassault will supply 126 Rafale fighters. The first 18 fighters will be supplied by 2015 and the rest will be manufactured in India under a technology transfer to Hindustan Aeronautics (HAL). This contract will be the first international supply for Rafale.

The Indian Government finalised a contract in April 2015 for the acquisition of 36 Rafale aircraft. Dassault Aviation signed a sales contract with the Arab Republic of Egypt in February 2015 for the supply of 24 Rafale fighter aircraft.

COCKPIT

 

The cockpit has hands-on throttle and stick control (HOTAS). The cockpit is equipped with a heads-up, wide-angle holographic display from Thales Avionique, which provides aircraft control data, mission data and firing cues.

A collimated, multi-image head-level display presents tactical situation and sensor data, while two touch-screen lateral displays show the aircraft system parameters and mission data.

The pilot also has a helmet-mounted sight and display. A CCD camera and onboard recorder records the image of the head-up display throughout the mission.

NAVIGATION 

The communications suite on the Rafale uses the Saturn onboard very/ultra-high frequency (V/UHF) radio, which is a second-generation, anti-jam tactical UHF radio for NATO.

Saturn provides voice encryption in fast-frequency hopping mode.

The aircraft is also equipped with fixed-frequency VHF / UHF radio for communications with civil air traffic control.

 A multifunction information distribution system (MIDS) terminal provides secure, high-data-rate tactical data exchange with NATO C2 stations, AWACS aircraft or naval ships.

The Rafale is powered by two M88-2 engines, each providing a thrust of 75kN.

Rafale is equipped with a Thales TLS 2000 navigation receiver, which is used for the approach phase of flight. TLS 2000 integrates the instrument landing system (ILS), microwave landing system (MLS) and VHF omni-directional radio-ranger (VOR) and marker functions.

The radar altimeter is the AHV 17 altimeter from Thales, which is suitable for very low flight. The Rafale has a TACAN tactical air navigation receiver for en-route navigation and as a landing aid.

The Rafale has an SB25A combined interrogator-transponder developed by Thales. The SB25A is the first IFF using electronic scanning technology.

ENGINE

 

The Rafale is powered by two M88-2 engines from SNECMA, each providing a thrust of 75kN. The aircraft is equipped for buddy-buddy refuelling with a flight refuelling hose reel and drogue pack. The first M88 engine was delivered in 1996.

It is a twin-shaft bypass turbofan engine principally suitable for low-altitude penetration and high-altitude interception missions.

The M88 incorporates the latest technologies such as single-piece bladed compressor disks (blisks), an on-polluting combustion chamber, single-crystal high-pressure turbine blades, powder metallurgy disks, ceramic coatings and composite materials.

The M88 engine comprises a three-stage LP compressor with inlet guide vane, an annular combustion chamber, single-stage cooled HP turbine, single-stage cooled LP turbine, radial A/B chamber, variable-section convergent flap-type nozzle and full authority digital engine control (FADEC).

Messier-Dowty provides ‘jumper’ landing gear, designed to springout when the aircraft is catapulted by the nose gear strut.
for more information on rafale visit : RAFALE

SU-57


Russia has designated its first indigenously designed and build fifth-generation stealth fighter the Su-57, the head of the Russian Air Force.

The Sukhoi Su-57 is a fifth-generation multirole, single seat, twin-engine air superiority/deep air support fighter intended to replace the Russian Air Force’s fleet of MiG-29 and Su-27.

The Su-57 will be armed with beyond visual range air-to-air missiles as well as of air-to-ground missiles including the extended range Kh-35UE tactical cruise missile. The Su-57 can also carry the the nuclear-capable BrahMos-A supersonic cruise missile.

The aircraft performed its maiden flight already in 2010. The aircraft will complete its first set of flight tests by the end of 2017.

The Russian Air Force is currently testing nine Su-57 prototypes with two additional aircraft expected to delivered to the service by the end of the year.

Hundreds of test flights with prototypes have occurred over the last two years. However, one of the main technical obstacles to overcome remains designing and producing a next-generation engine for the aircraft.

As of now, Su-57 prototypes are equipped with a derivative of the Saturn AL-41F1S engine, dubbed AL-41F1, an engine also installed on the Sukhoi Su-35S Flanker-E.

While the Su-57 was slated to conduct its maiden flight this year, a new engine— the next-generation Saturn izdeliye 30 — will reportedly not be ready until 2020. The Saturn izdeliye 30 will feature increased thrust and fuel efficiency and is also expected to improve the fighter jet’s stealth characteristics given the use of new composite materials.

The aircraft’s manufacturer, the United Aircraft Corporation, refrained from commenting on the report.

The Su-57 is a fifth-generation multirole fighter designed to destroy all types of air targets at long and short ranges and hit enemy ground and naval targets, overcoming its air defense capabilities.

The Su-57 took to the skies for the first time on January 29, 2010. Compared to its predecessors, the Su-57 combines the functions of an attack plane and a fighter jet while the use of composite materials and innovation technologies and the fighter’s aerodynamic configuration ensure the low level of radar and infrared signature.

The aircraft has been successfully tested in Syria.
The new plane is designed to rival the American F-22. It offers much of the same capabilities as the new fifth-generation fighter, with exception of stealth.

 The Su-57 possesses advanced avionics such as active phased array radar and sensor fusion. The radar offers both forward-looking and side-scanning capabilities.

Combined with a high fuel load, the Su-57 has a supersonic range of over 1,500 km, more than twice that of the Su-27. Maximum speed: at altitude: Mach 2 (2,140 km/h; 1,320 mph), supercruise: Mach 1.6 (1,700 km/h; 1,060 mph). Range: 3,500 km (2,175 mi; 1,890 nmi) subsonic, 1,500 km (930 mi; 810 nmi) supersonic. Service ceiling: 20,000 m (65,000 ft). Operational endurance: up to 5.8 hours.

 Maximum take-off weight: 35480 kg, maximum operational load: 10 tons. During testing the aircraft demonstrated the ability to achieve a 384 meters per second climbing rate. It could equal to the peak of Mount Everest, the highest mountain on Earth, in a mere 23 seconds.

For missions that do not require stealth, the T-50 can carry weapons on its six external hardpoints. 

The Sh-121 multifunctional integrated radio electronic system includes X band active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar, or active phased array radar.

The use of the L-band in the operation of the radar in the air-to-air mode is the main means of detecting low-profile aircraft from the T-50.The avionics suite comprises the 101KS Atoll electro-optical system which allows to control airspace in the optical range around the perimeter of the aircraft, as well as to protect the aircraft from attacking missiles.

Four sensors provide for infrared vision to help the pilot during maneuvers at low altitude or when landing. There are systems for generating interference in the infrared range. The Atoll also features ultraviolet missile warning sensors and 101KS-N navigation and targeting pod.

COCKPIT

The Su-57 has a glass cockpit with two 38 cm (15 in) main multi-functional LCD displays similar to the arrangement of the Su-35S. Positioned around the cockpit are three smaller control panel displays. The cockpit has a wide-angle (30° by 22°) head up display (HUD).

Primary controls are the joystick and a pair of throttles.The aircraft uses a two-piece canopy, with the aft section sliding forward and locking into place. The canopy is treated with special coatings to increase the aircraft’s stealth.

The Su-57 employs the NPP Zvezda K-36D-5 ejection seat and the SOZhE-50 life support system, which comprises the anti g and oxygen generating system. The 30 kg (66 lb) oxygen generating system will provide the pilot
with unlimited oxygen supply. 

The life support system will enable pilots to perform 9-g maneuvers for up to 30 seconds at a time, and the new VKK-17 partial pressure suit will allow safe ejection at altitudes of up to 23,000 m (75,000 ft). In November 2018, the system is said to be at the final stage of test -the stage of state flight tests- and the test pilots are already flying in this equipment

ENGINE

Pre-production T-50 and initial production batches of the Su-57 will use interim engines, a pair of NPO Saturn izdeliye 117 or AL-41F1. Closely related to the Saturn 117S engine used by the Su-35S,
the 117 engine is a highly improved and uprated variant of the AL-31 that powers the Su-27 family of aircraft. The 117 engine produces 93.1 kN (21,000 lbf) of dry thrust, 147.1 kN (33,067 lbf) of thrust in afterburner, and has a thrust to weight ratio of 10.5:1.

The engines have full authority digital engine control (FADEC) and are integrated into the flight control system to facilitate maneuverability and handling.

The two 117 engines incorporate thrust vectoring (TVC) nozzles whose rotational axes are each canted at an angle, similar to the nozzle arrangement of the Su-35S.

This configuration allows the aircraft to produce thrust vectoring moments about all three rotational axes, pitch, yaw and roll Thrust vectoring nozzles themselves operate in only one plane.

The canting allows the aircraft to produce both roll and yaw by vectoring each engine nozzle differently. The engine inlet incorporates variable intake ramps for increased supersonic efficiency and retractable mesh screens to prevent foreign object debris being ingested that would cause engine damage. 

The 117 engine is to also incorporate infrared and RCS reduction measures.In 2014, the Indian Air Force openly expressed concerns over the reliability and performance of the 117 engines; during the 2011 Moscow Air Show, a T-50 suffered a compressor stall that forced the aircraft to abort takeoff.

Production fighters from 2020 onward will be equipped with a more powerful engine known as the izdeliye 30.Compared to the 117, the new powerplant will have increased thrust, lower costs, better fuel efficiency, and fewer moving parts.

Those features, along with subsequently improved reliability and lower maintenance costs will improve the aircraft performance and reliability. The izdeliye 30 is designed to be 30% lower specific weight than its 117 predecessor.

 The new engine is estimated to produce approximately 107 kN (24,054 lbf) of dry thrust and 176 kN (39,556 lbf) in afterburner. Full scale development began in 2011 and the engine’s compressor began bench testing in December 2014.

The first test engines are planned to be completed in 2016, and flight testing is projected to begin in 2017. According to Deputy Minister Borisov, flight testing with new izdeliye 30 engines will begin at Q4-2017.

The new powerplant is designed to be a drop-in replacement for the 117 with minimal changes to the airframe
for more information on su-57 visit : SU-57

F-22 RAPTOR


The F-22 Raptor is considered the first 5th-generation fighter in the U.S. Air Force inventory, using low observable technologies, modern avionics and efficient engines to offer an air superiority fighter unmatched by any other modern military.

The F-22 Raptor, a critical component of the Global Strike Task Force, is designed to project air dominance, rapidly and at great distances and defeat threats attempting to deny access to our nation’s Air Force, Army, Navy and Marine Corps. The F-22 cannot be matched by any known or projected fighter aircraft.

The Collier award winning F-22 Raptor has delivered on its promise to provide unprecedented air dominance. The F-22 has demonstrated precision attack capabilities, defeating both air- and ground-based threats with unparalleled lethality and survivability.

The F-22’s ability to collect and share tactical information with friendly assets enables U.S. and allied forces to engage targets with unmatched battlespace awareness. The Raptor makes other coalition aircraft more survivable.

The F-22 is the world’s most dominant fighter, but potential adversaries continue to develop capabilities intended to challenge the ability of U.S. and allied air forces to gain and maintain air superiority.

With that in mind, Lockheed Martin is dedicated to working with the U.S. Air Force on a robust F-22 combat enhancement program to bolster the Raptor’s asymmetric advantage over current and potential adversaries. The capabilities of the F-22 Raptor remain essential to deter and defeat threats and ensure regional and global security well into the future.


Lockheed Martin and the F-22 Team are committed to total support for the F-22 by providing higher readiness rates, faster response and lower life-cycle cost to our U.S. Air Force customer. This is achieved by Follow-on Agile Sustainment, a comprehensive weapons management program and an award-winning performance-based logistics contract that provides a highly integrated F-22 support system.

The F-22 program was awarded the Air Force Association’s 2015 John R. Alison Award for outstanding contributions by industrial leadership to national defense.

A combination of sensor capability, integrated avionics, situational awareness, and weapons provides first-kill opportunity against threats.

The F-22 Raptor possesses a sophisticated sensor suite allowing the pilot to track, identify, shoot and kill air-to-air threats before being detected.

Significant advances in cockpit design and sensor fusion improve the pilot’s situational awareness. In the air-to-air configuration the Raptor carries six AIM-120 AMRAAMs and two AIM-9 Sidewinders.

The F-22 has a significant capability to attack surface targets. In the air-to-ground configuration the aircraft can carry two 1,000-pound GBU-32 Joint Direct Attack Munitions internally and will use on-board avionics for navigation and weapons delivery support.

In the future air-to-ground capability will be enhanced with the addition of an upgraded radar and up to eight small diameter bombs. The Raptor will also carry two AIM-120s and two AIM-9s in the air-to-ground configuration.

Advances in low-observable technologies provide significantly improved survivability and lethality against air-to-air and surface-to-air threats. The F-22 Raptor brings stealth into the day, enabling it not only to protect itself but other assets.

The F-22 engines produce more thrust than any current fighter engine. The combination of sleek aerodynamic design and increased thrust allows the F-22 to cruise at supersonic airspeeds (greater than 1.5 Mach) without using afterburner — a characteristic known as supercruise.

 Supercruise greatly expands the F-22 ‘s operating envelope in both speed and range over current fighters, which must use fuel-consuming afterburner to operate at supersonic speeds.

The Advanced Tactical Fighter entered the Demonstration and Validation phase in 1986. The prototype aircraft (YF-22 and YF-23) both completed their first flights in late 1990. Ultimately the YF-22 was selected as best of the two and the engineering and manufacturing development effort began in 1991 with development contracts to Lockheed/Boeing (airframe) and Pratt & Whitney (engines).

EMD included extensive subsystem and system testing as well as flight testing with nine aircraft at Edwards Air Force Base, Calif. The first EMD flight was in 1997 and at the completion of its flight test life this aircraft was used for live-fire testing.

COCKPIT

The F-22’s cockpit is one of the very first “all-glass” cockpits for tactical fighters – there are no traditional round dial, standby or dedicated gauges.

It accommodates the largest range of pilots (the central 99 percent of the Air Force pilot population) of any tactical aircraft. It is the first baseline “night vision goggle” compatible cockpit, and it has designed-in growth capability for helmet-mounted systems.

The canopy is the largest piece of polycarbonate formed in the world with the largest Zone 1 (highest quality) optics for compatibility with helmet-mounted systems. While functionality is critical, the F-22’s cockpit design also ensures pilot safety with an improved version of the proven ACES II ejection seat and a new pilot personal equipment and life support ensemble.

The F-22’s cockpit represents a revolution over current “pilot offices”, as it is designed to let the pilot operate as a tactician, not a sensor operator. Humans are good differentiators, but they are poor integrators.

 The F-22 cockpit lets the pilot do what humans do best, and it fully utilizes the power of the computer to do what it does best.

Using the power of the on board computers, coupled with the extensive maintenance diagnostics built into the F-22 by the maintainers, that workload has been significantly reduced.

The idea is to relieve pilots of the bulk of system manipulations associated with flying and allow them to do what a human does best – be a tactician.

Aircraft startup and taxi are excellent examples of harnessing the power of the computer to eliminate workload. There are only three steps to take the F-22 from cold metal and composites to full-up airplane ready for takeoff:

 The pilot places the battery switch ‘on,’ places the auxiliary power unit switch momentarily to ‘start’ and then places both throttles in ‘idle.’

The engines start sequentially right to left and the auxiliary power unit then shuts down. All subsystems and avionics are brought on line and built-in testing checks are made.

Then the necessary navigation information is loaded and even the pilot’s personal preferences for avionics configuration is read and the systems are tailored to those preferences.

 All of this happens automatically with no pilot actions other than the three steps. The airplane can be ready to taxi in less than 30 seconds after engine start.

ENGINE

The F119-PW-100 is a revolutionary advance in fighter aircraft propulsion. The F119 engine develops more than twice the thrust of current engines under supersonic conditions, and more thrust without afterburner than conventional engines with afterburner.

Each F-22 will be powered by two of these 35,000-pound-thrust-class engines. By comparison, the engines powering the Air Force’s current F-15 and F-16 fighters have thrust ratings ranging from 23,000 to 29,000 pounds.

    Jet engines achieve additional thrust by directly injecting fuel at the engine exhaust. The process, called afterburner, gives the aircraft a rocket-like boost as the fuel ignites in the exhaust chamber.

The tradeoff is higher fuel consumption, a greater amount of heat, and consequently, greater visibility to the enemy.
     The F119 can push the F-22 to supersonic speeds above Mach 1.4 even without the use of afterburner, which gives the fighter a greater operating range and allows for stealthier flight operation.

The product of more than 40 years’ research into high-speed propulsion systems, the F119 is proof that high-technology doesn’t have to be complicated.

SO , THIS WAS THE LIST OF BEST FIGHTER JETS CURRENTLY PRESENT

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LIST OF COUNTRIES BY MILITARY EXPENDITURES

LIST OF COUNTRIES BY MILITARY EXPENDITURES

In this article you will came to know top 10 countries by military expenditures and
defence budget .
Every year some country increases or decreases the budget according to their need this article will provide you fully updated and correct information and ranks of the countries according to there military defence budget

10. SOUTH KOREA ( USD 42 billion)

South Korea unveiled the 2019 budget plan that would mark the biggest defense budget growth in 11 years to modernize the military in accordance with the scheduled reduction of troops.

Defense budget for 2019  is 42 billion U.S. dollars  up 8.2 percent from year 2018 defense cost. It marked the biggest increase since 2008 and nearly doubled the average growth rate of 4.4 percent between 2010 and 2017.

The budget would be spent mainly on modernizing and connecting the railways and roads across the inter-Korean border in accordance with progress in the denuclearization process. A joint survey for the railway and road projects has been underway between the two Koreas.

The main part of the defense budget (about 28 bn USD) is dedicated to the maintenance of troops and military assets, a hike of 5.7% from 2018. The Defense ministry wants to improve training methods as well as upgrading uniforms and combat gear to bring them in line with cutting-edge military technology.
Troops will also get more medical support, receive better training, and living conditions in barracks will be enhanced.

About 14 billion dollars will be spent on the development and improvement of defense capabilities, such as the acquisition of state-of-the-art weaponry like aircraft and naval destroyers. This category saw a more than 13% increase compared to the last budget.

About 4.5 billion dollars will be spent on establishing the three-pronged military strategy to counter North Korean threats, as well as future unknown threats. They are namely the Kill Chain pre-emptive strike system, the Korean Air and Missile Defense system, and the Korea Massive Punishment and Retaliation strategy

Another 4.7 billion dollars will be dedicated to strengthening the command control system, in line with preparations for the transfer of wartime operational control from Washington to Seoul

About 9 million dollars will be allocated for the implementation of the inter-Korean military agreement, such as the removal of some front-line guard posts in the Demilitarized Zone.

Another 10 million dollars will be set aside for projects linked to the recovery of Korean War remains.

9. FRANCE ( USD 42.2 billion)

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French President Emmanuel Macron has formally signed into law a new multiyear defense budget, clearing the way for a funding boost for procurement for the Air Force, Army and Navy.

France presently commits 1.78 percent of GDP to the military, with spending due to rise to 1.91 percent in 2023 and reaching 2 percent by 2025.

The planned annual increase will be USD 1.94 billion from 2019 to 2022, with an annual USD 3.42 billion increase in the succeeding years.

Some USD 865 million will be set aside on research and development studies, a step toward a pledge to spend
USD 1.14 billion on R&D annually.

Some USD 4.79 billion will be spent on service support, mostly dedicated to aircraft maintenance.

Among the larger European economies, France and the United Kingdom are the only significant spenders on defense.

The two together account for 40 percent of European Union (EU) defense spending. Each spends well over 2 percent of gross domestic product (GDP), while most other EU countries spend less than 1.5 percent of GDP.

A wide range of purchases has been announced for 2019.
It is a good year for the French Navy, which will receive no less than five new ships:

 The Aquitaine (FREMM)-class frigate Normandie , two BSAH high seas support ships, one PLG light patrol ship, and one B2M multi-mission ship. The PLG and the B2M will be based in the French Antilles.

In 2019 the navy will also order the first three 26,000-tonne support ships from the FLOTLOG programme.

Entry into service for the first two is expected in 2025. After a delay of several years, six patrol craft from the BATSIMAR programme will also be ordered.

The French naval aviation arm, meanwhile, will receive two upgraded Atlantique 2 maritime patrol aircraft, one upgraded E-2C Hawkeye, and two new NH90 Caïman helicopters.

In terms of munitions, the navy will get 48 Aster 30 missiles, 6 Artemis heavy torpedoes, and a first batch of submarine-launched cruise missiles for the future 
Barracuda nuclear-powered attack submarine.

8. JAPAN ( USD 47 billion)


Japan’s government has announced that its defence budget will rise to a record USD 47 billion for the next fiscal year, as Tokyo beefs up its missile defence and deploys stealth jets in a bid to counter China

The defence spending was part of a USD 912 billion national budget for the fiscal year starting on April 1, 2019, approved by the cabinet of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe.

The defence funding will cover the cost of introducing the US military’s Aegis Ashore land-based missile interceptor system, the officials said.

The 2019 allocation covers six F-35A stealth jets, and part of it will be spent on Japan’s first aircraft carriers since World War II.
A mid-term defense plan also endorsed setting aside USD 240 billion over five years beginning in fiscal 2019 to pave the way for beefing up weapons and defense equipment.

Japan’s military wish list prioritizes the upgrade of two self defense force ships with “offensive” aircraft carrier capabilities — mainly to accommodate F-35B stealth fighter jets on board.

The defense build up program carries a hefty price tag of 5.26 trillion yen ($48 billion dollars) — the highest figure for the seventh consecutive year signalling a sudden shift from a post war self-defense only posture.

The budget also covers the cost of six F-35A stealth jets, nine Northrup Grumman E-2D Advanced Hawkeye early-warning aircraft, and the start of construction of Japan’s first aircraft carriers since World War II.

 A five-year plan, through 2024, envisions the additional purchase of 105 U.S.-made F-35 fighter planes, as well as investments in cyberwarfare capabilities and defense-related space technology. 

7. GERMANY ( USD 49.12 billion)


The German military has received a hefty boost in a revised budget plan from 2020 after Defence Minister Ursula von der Leyen refused to sign off the previous draft.

Finance Minister Olaf Scholz on Monday proposed adding  USD 6.5 billion to the planned military budget from 2020, to buy more ships, fighter jets and other weaponry over several years, on top of a more modest USD 368 million boost in 2019.

Germany is under pressure from US President Donald Trump to boost its military spending to 2% of gross domestic product from the current 1.2% — an issue that has sparked great debate within the ruling coalition.

The budget for the MKS 180 multirole combat ship, the priority project for 2019, sees a USD 54 million increase from USD 167 million to USD 222 million.

The German Bundeswehr will recive in 2019 12% more money.

Overall the budget is USD 49.1 billion the fifth increase in a row.

The main investments in new equipment

USD 6.3 billion new transport helicopter(60 units) as replacement for CH-53. (CH-53K or CH-47F)
new airdefence system TLVS

new submarines
new MKS 180 (6 x frigate class ships ~10.000to nearly twice as large as the current Sachsen class with 5.800to)

USD 1.7 billion investment for new clothing and personal gear.

Some lawmakers expressed opposition to the 2019 fiscal budget, suggesting other sectors and areas, such as renewable energy, should be prioritized over defense.

Further increases are planned for the next two years — next year, the defense budget is due to reach nearly
USD 49 billion 

Early last month, Chancellor Angela Merkel promied that Germany’s defense spending would reach 1.5 percent of GDP by 2025 — about USD 57 billion.

6. UNITED KINGDOM ( USD 49.48 billion)


The UK Ministry of Defence has issued a new Defence Equipment Plan, detailing how the government will spend USD 243 billion on military wares over the next decade amid an expected USD 9.1 billion shortfall.

The plan sets out to ensure that sufficient funding for all major programs is applied, while in turn meeting the UK’s pledge to maintain a commitment to 2 percent of GDP on defense.
Of that amount, 20 percent is earmarked for equipment.

Both the MoD itself and the National Audit Office (NAO) have highlighted that there is an affordability challenge in the new plan.

 However, with the coming four years predicted to pose the biggest test to the procurement proposal. Annual budget variances between 6.5 percent and 10 percent are expected during that time, according to government analysts.

The plan says that the central estimate for the cost of the plan at April 2018 exceeded the allocated budget by an average of 3.7 percent over the coming decade, adding that this prediction will fluctuate as projects play out.

The NAO’s published response to the new plan claims that it remains unaffordable, and forecasted that costs of £7 billion will come due over the coming ten years. Most of that shortfall, 84 percent, will be felt in the first four years

Submarines have the largest budget allocation from the £186 billion set aside under the new plan, taking a £44.6 billion share.

Combat air programs are set to receive USD 22.97 billion, with associated surveillance and target acquisition systems set at USD 5.63 billion.

Support of aerial platforms is slated at USD 24.4 billion, followed by land systems at USD 24.17 billion, weapons at USD 18.13 billion, and rotorcraft at USD 12.6 billion.

5.  SAUDI ARABIA ( USD 51 bllion)

Saudi Arabia will cut military spending for a second straight year in 2019, when education is set to overtake it as the budget’s biggest item,
according to official published projections

The Saudi armed forces are among the world’s leading weapons buyers, a role often cited by President Donald Trump to defend America’s close alliance with the kingdom.

But they’ll have 12 percent less to spend next year, after getting allocated a budget of USD 51 billion. Spending on education will also drop, by 6 percent .

Overall outlays are projected to rise 7 percent as the kingdom boosts capital investment.

 The cutbacks on defense may reflect expectations that Saudi Arabia’s war in Yemen is drawing to a close.

Earlier , King Salman didn’t include soldiers fighting in the war in his decision to renew a package of cost-of-living allowances for another year.

Saudi Arabia heads a coalition that intervened in Yemen in 2015 to support the government against pro-Iranian rebels.

The two sides agreed to a ceasefire in a key port city this month. 

While the financial allocations for the military sector have declined, they have risen significantly for other sectors. Expenditures on municipal services will rise by 15 percent in 2019, transport spending will rise by 28 percent and health spending will rise by eight percent.

The kingdom’s public budget for 2019 sees an increase in public spending by seven percent, while the Saudi government expects revenue to increase by nine percent.

Saudi Arabia has accumulated a record high USD 149 billion in public debt in 2018, according to data released by the Ministry of Finance, an increase of 26.3 percent compared to last year.

However, more importantly, Saudi Arabia’s public debt ratio to GDP has reached its highest level since before the 2008 global financial crisis.

At 19.1 percent of the country’s gross domestic product, it is a debt to GDP ratio that the country has not exceeded since 2006, according to Saudi newspaper Aleqtisadiah.

4. RUSSIA ( USD 61 billion)

Russian President Vladimir Putin said Monday that he plans to reduce military spending in 2018 and 2019 as the country will mainly focus on solving domestic problems. 

The reduction will not undermine Russia’s defense capabilities because it invested in creating new weapon systems in previous years, Putin said at a meeting in the Kremlin with other candidates of the March 18 presidential election. 

We will do everything to ensure that all disputes with our partners are settled through political and diplomatic means… We will not engage in arms race,” he said, according to an official transcript of the meeting. 

Putin said the government will focus on domestic issues in the future, including economic growth, innovation, health, education, science, infrastructure and the well-being of people. 

According to preliminary data from the Central Election Commission, Putin won a fourth presidential term on Sunday, garnering more than 76 percent of ballots. He will lead Russia through 2024

According to Medvedev in 2019, the government will manage to fully restore the system of protecting the budget from external shocks. This system earlier helped the national economy to cope with the first global crisis of 2008-2009 and in 2014, when the second wave of the crisis began and Russia faced Western sanctions.
for more informtion on russia defence budget visit : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military_budget_of_the_Russian_Federation

3. INDIA ( USD 62.8)


In 2017, India has spent 2.5% of its GDP in military, while China has spent 1.9% of the GDP in military. The government’s spending on military in India was 9.1% in 2017, China’s spending was 6.1%.

India has been close to or below military spending of Russia and Saudi Arabia and is also passing Germany and the UK. With 7-8% GDP growth and with talk about increasing towards 3% of GDP spending on the military.

India will clearly be able to sustain a world number three military spending level. Each year will see India get a wider margin of spending over the fourth and fifth place military spending countries.

By 2025-2027, India will likely double its military spending to about USD 120-130 billion (in current dollars).

Under the new budget, the Army will receive about USD 20 million for pay and allowances and well as the maintenance of land warfare systems and ammunition stocks.
Only USD 4.19 billion is allocated for the purchase of new military hardware.

The Air Force will receive USD 5.58 billion to purchase new fighters and helicopter, while USD 4.5 billion will go toward maintenance and operational preparedness of its aircraft.

The Navy will receive USD 3.25 billion to purchase new warships and other naval gear. About USD 3 billion has been allocated for maintenance of the existing fleet.

India’s state-owned defense research and development agency, the Defence Research and Development Organization will receive USD 1.52 billion to kick-start new defense R&D programs; USD 1.26 billion will go toward existing programs.

India’s state-owned ordnance factories have been allotted USD 125.62 million for new ordnance programs, including ammunition. Existing products for the defense of the air, land and sea will be allotted USD 113.59 million.

The budget also provides money for the Indian Coast Guard, the MoD and other miscellaneous expenditures.
source of this information is : https://www.sipri.org/databases

2. CHINA ( USD 189 billion)


China announced its defense budget will increase by 8.1 percent in 2019. The 2018 defense budget will be 175 billion U.S. dollars.

 According to the report available to media before the first session of the 13th National People’s Congress. Although slightly higher than the previous two years, the growth rate is the third time to dip into the single digit since 2013, following 7.6 percent in 2016 and 7 percent in 2017.

The increase in China’s national defense budget will mainly be used to develop new weapons and equipment, improve training conditions, and guarantee military reform and benefits for officers and other personnel.

China set its GDP growth target for about 6.5 percent this year. The increase in China’s defense budget is higher than the 7 percent of 2017, but is much lower than double-digit increases that lasted for many years before 2016

For more information on china’s defence budget visit : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military_budget_of_China

  1. U.S.A ( USD 716 billion)


The 2019 Defense Budget has been approved by Congress and signed by President Trump in record speed with a 2.6 percent pay increase and a $716 billion national defense budget. This is the earliest the defense budget has been passed in the last 40 years.

This is the first time in more than a decade that the DOD is able to begin a fiscal year with an enacted appropriation instead of operating under a continuing resolution.

 The funding level is consistent with the USD 716 billion 2018 Bipartisan Budget Act national defense spending cap for FY 2019 and the recently.

2019 Defense Bill Approved Items Military Benefits & Compensation
Military pay: Raises service member pay by 2.6 percent – the highest in nine years
No TRICARE Fee Increases
No reduction to the Basic Allowance for Housing (BAH)
$10 million in impact aid for severely disabled military children.

The Transition Assistance (TAP) program will have to begin a full year before separation for almost everyone whereas previously it had to start within 90 days of separation.

Basic Allowance for subsequent rates: The proposed BAS rate increase is 3.4%.
Basic allowance for housing rates: The proposed BAH rate increase is 2.9%.

Totally disabled veterans are now eligible for Space-A travel.
MWR benefits will be available to Purple heart, Medal of Honor, service-connected disabled veterans, and family caregivers starting in 2020.

SGLI will be increased to $400,000 when deployed in a combat zone.
Military Personnel
Increases the military’s authorized active-duty end strength by 15,600

Facilities & Program Investments
Directs next steps for a Space Force
Recognizes the importance of modernizing and strengthening the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States to more effectively guard against the risk to national security posed by certain types of foreign investment
Provides waiver relief to key U.S. partners and allies from certain Russian-related sanctions under the Countering America’s Adversaries through Sanctions Act.

SO THIS WAS ALL FOR TOP 10 COUNTRIES WITH MOST MILITARY DEFENCE BUDGET

FOR MORE INTERESTING INFORMATION RELATED TO MILITARY AND DEFENCE CLICK THE BUTTON

HOW TO GET PASSPORT IN INDIA

HOW TO GET PASSPORT IN INDIA | 2019 | UPDATED

MANY OF US HAVE SOME CONFUSIONS REGARDING HOW TO GET PASSPORT.SO NO NEED TO WORRY THIS POST IS SPECIALLY FOR YOU.EACH AND EVERY PART OF THE PASSPORT AVAILING PROCESS IS EXPLAINED IN SIMPLEST STEPS POSSIBLE .THE PROCESS TO GET A PASSPORT CONTAINS SEVERAL STEPS MAKE SURE YOU GO THROUGH EVERY STEP VERY CAREFULLY .IF ANY DOUBT DON’T HESITATE TO ASK IN COMMENT SECTION

STEP 1.  REGISTRATION

THE VERY FIRST PROCESS IS REGISTRATION. CLICK ON THE LINK PROVIDED PASSPORT REGISTRATION

Screenshot (193)

THAT LINK WILL REDIRECT YOU TO THIS PAGE .HERE YOU HAVE TO FILL THE DETAILS.

Register to apply : passport office
passport office:select your nearest passport office

Given name: enter your first name and middle name
Surname: enter your surname

E-mail id: enter your email id

Do you want your login id to be same as E-mail id :If yes, then no need to select a new login id(next box) for passport your email id will be your login id ,If no then you have to fill login id with unique login id and then click on check availability if  available fill next box else need to select some other login id.

Password: select a password make sure your password have       [must have one digit (0-9), one lowercase/small letter (a-z) or uppercase/capital letter (A-Z)
and the password minimum length is 8 characters and maximum length in 14 characters]

Confirm password : again type your password

Hint question : select a hint question and provide its answer in case you forget the password.

After entering characters displayed  click
REGISTER

TO KNOW THE ADDRESS OF THE PASSPORT OFFICE   CLICK ON YOUR CITY (nearest)

  1. Mithakali Ahmedabad, Arya Arcade, Ground & First Floor, Nr Cross Word, Mithakali Six Road, Navrangpura, Ahmedabad, Gujarat
  2. Vijay Cross Road Ahmedabad, Sheetal Varsha 3, Ground Floor, Opp Maruti Show Room, Nr Vijay Char Rasta, Navrangpura, Ahmedabad, Gujarat

14 Mall Road, Near Custom Chowk, Amritsar, Punjab

Radha Krishna Tower, CC – 146/A, Plot No.317/1 kha, Jagatpur Lala Begum, Pilibhit Bypass Road , Bareilly , Uttar Pradesh

  1. No 45 Prestige Libra Bengaluru, Karnataka Near Urvashi Theatre, Lalbagh Main Road
  2. Sai Arcade, Survey No 56/P Devarabisanahalli, Marthahalli Outer Ring Road Bengaluru, Karnataka

Passport Seva Kendra, 2nd Floor, Office Block, DB City Mall, Arera Hills, Bhopal Madhya Pradesh

PSK, Ground and 1st floor, A-119, Unit-8, Nayapalli, Bhubaneswar, Odisha

Plot No-50, Adarsh Lifestyle Mall, Industrial Area Phase II, Chandigarh

1.  Navins Presidium, No. 103, Nelson Manickam Road, Aminjikarai, Chennai
2. No. 1, Bhanumathi Ramakrishna Road, Saligramam, Chennai
3. Claret Complex, Duraisamy Reddy Street, Tambaram, Chennai

Ground Floor, Heera Royale, Airport Seaport Road, Cochin Palace P.O, Karingachira

25, AGT Business Park, Avinashi Road, Civil Aerodrome Post, Coimbatore

Passport Seva Kendra, 24-A NCR Plaza, New Cantt Road, Landmark 1: Opposite Police Station-Hathi Barkala, Landmark 2: Behind ICICI Bank Main Branch, Dehradun

  1. Ground & First Floor, Herald House, 5A, Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, New Delhi . Landmark – Adjacent to ITO Metro Station – A minutes walk from Exit Gate No 4
  2. Passport Seva Kendra Delhi, Hudco Trikoot-3, Bhikaji Cama Place, R.K.Puram, New Delhi
  3. Aggarwal Auto Mall, Plot No.2, District Center, Shalimar Place, Outer Ring Road, Delhi. Landmark: Galaxy Toyota Showroom, Opp. Hotel Premier Inn(3 Kms from Madhuban Chowk towards Karnal Bypass)

Passport Seva Kendra, Block-A Ground Floor, Pacific Business Park, Plot No 37/1, Site IV, Sahibabad Industrial Area, Ghaziabad

Passport Seva Kendra, Passport Bhavan, EDC Complex, Patto, Panaji

Passport Seva Kendra, Ground and First Floor,Shubham Velocity, Hanuboro Path,Walford, Guwahati (Assam)

  1. Aditya Trade Centre, Ameerpet, Hyderabad
  2. Door No: 1-8-368 to 372, Gowra Trinity, Chiran Fort Lane, Begumpet, Hyderabad
  3. 8-1-305/306, Anand Silicon Chip, Shaikpet Nala, ToliChowki, Hyderabad

Passport Seva Kendra, 1st Floor, Orbit Mall, Civil Lines, Jaipur

  1. Passport Seva Kendra, Eminent Mall, 261, Guru Nanak Mission Chowk, Main Model Town Road, Lajpat Nagar, Jalandhar,punjab
  2. Aman Plaza, Plot No-310, Lajpat Nagar, Nakodar Chowk, Mahavir Marg, Jalandhar, Punjab

Passport Office, Aquaf Trust Building, Opposite Gandhi Nagar Hospital, Gandhi Nagar, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir

  1. Post Office Passport Seva Kendra, Head Post Office, Beadon Street, North Kolkata Pin-700006
  2. Aakash Tower, Eastern Bye pass Ruby, Kasba 781, Anandpur, Kolkata
  3. Regent Park Sub Post Office, 9 Ram Kumar Park, Kolkata, West Bengal 700040

Koyenco House, West Hill Chungam, Kannur Road, Kozhikode

  1. Ratan Square, 20-A, Vidhan Sabha Marg, Lucknow
  2. PSK2 Regional Passport Office Campus, Ground Floor, Vipin Khand, Gomti Nagar, Near RBI, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh

Claret Plaza, Melakkal Main Road, Kochadai, Madurai

  1. Passport Seva Kendra, The Great Oasis Enterprises Pvt. Ltd., D-13, The Great Oasis 21, MIDC Marol, Andheri (East) Mumbai
  2. Passport Seva Kendra, Lower Parel, Trade Point, Kamala Mills Compound, Pandurang Budhkar Marg, Lower Parel, Mumbai
  3. Passport Seva Kendra, Raheja Tipco Plaza, Unit no. 2-b, Rani Sati Marg, Malad (East), Mumbai

Ground and 1st floor, Bilquish Plaza, sadiqabad community hall, Mankapur Pole No.59, Koradi road

PSK,VAUS Springs, Block-II, Lower and Upper Ground Floor, Ashiana Digha Road, Patna

Zero One, S.No.79/1,Ghorpadi – Mundhwa Road,Pingle Wasti, Opp. Ganga Orchid,Pune

Passport Seva Kendra, Shyam Plaza,Unit S -5,Second Floor, Opp. New Bus Stand,Pandari, Raipur

Passport Seva Kendra, 2nd floor, The Galaxia Mall, Ratu Road, Ranchi, Jharkhand

Passport Seva Kendra Shimla, Mukund Complex, Mukund Niwas, Opposite Videocon Office, Pantha Ghati

PSK Srinagar, Boulevard Road, Near Nehru Park, Srinagar

Passport Seva Kendra,1st Floor,Union Trade Centre,Besides Apple Hospital,Udhana Darwaja,Surat

Plot No. A5, Salai Road and Shastri Road Junction, Thillai Nagar, Tiruchirappalli

  1. Building # XIII / 397 (A), Akshaya Complex, Opp KSRTC Bus Station, Neyyattinkara, Kerela
  2. Ground Floor, Carmel Towers, Opp Cotton Hill Girls High School, Vazhuthacaud, Trivandrum

M.G Road (Bundar Road), Opp. Radio Station (AIR), Venkateswara Theatre Complex, Vijayawada

you can also check your district office click on this link CLICK ME

AFTER FILLING THIS FORM GO TO YOUR E-MAIL AND VERIFY IT BY CLICKING ON THE LINK SENT BY PASSPORT SERVICE ON YOUR E-MAIL ADDRESS.

STEP 2. LOG IN

After creating the account now the users need to log in to the website to fill rest of the documents

CLICK HERE PASSPORT HOME

Screenshot (194)

CLICK ON Existing User? Login

Enter login id and password and click LOGIN

STEP 3. APPLY FOR PASSPORT

CLICK ON APPLY FOR FRESH PASSPORT/RE-ISSUE OF PASSPORT

Now you will get two alternatives . Click go with first alternatives if your internet connection is good else you can go with second alternatives and download the form and then few it and then upload.

We will go through alternative 1

CLICK ON Click here to fill the application form online in Alternative 1

After clicking on alternative 1 this will open up
Applying for: fresh or want to re-new select accordingly.

Type of Application:  If Normal then the arrival of passport can take up to 3 weeks, If Tatkal then it will be delivered to you within 3 days.
Type  of passport Booklet: you can have 36 page booklet or 60 page booklet

DO NOTICE THE COST FOR THE TYPE OF APPLICATION AND TYPE OF PASSPORT BOOKLET

NORMAL

Normal 36 pages : Rs 1500 
Normal 60 pages : Rs 2000

TATKAL

Tatkal 36 pages: Rs 3500
Tatkal 60 pages: Rs 4000

click NEXT

STEP 4. FILLING THE DETAILS

Now we have to fill the informations

Given name: your first name and middle name.
Surname : your surname.
Gender: (you know what to fill)
Have you ever been known by other names: If you have ever changed your name then mention that name else just select No.
Have you changed your name: If yes select yes and select No If have not change your name.
Date of birth : make sure the same date of birth as mentioned in the birth certificate.
Is your place of birth out of India : select yes or no.

Place of birth: write your village/town/city.
State/UT: select your state or union territory.
District: select your district.
Marital status:select whichever is suitable for you.
Citizenship of India by: select birth if you are born in this great nation INDIA

PAN: enter your pan number(not compulsory)
Voter id: enter voter id(not compulsory)
Employment type: government or private(select accordingly).

Is either your parent a government servant: select yes or no
Educational qualification: select your educational qualification

Is applicant eligible for Non-ECR category:  ECR stands for (Emigration Check Required) and if you completed your 10th class you belong to the non-ECR category.
if passed class 10 select Yes or if have not select No.

Visible distinguishing mark: If your body have some unique mark or permanent tattoo mention it here

Aadhar number: enter your aadhar number(not compulsory)

I Agree :click on Yes box and click Save my Details and then click Next

Enter your father’s name and surname ,your Mother’s name and surname ,your legal guardian name and surname .
According to your previous filled details in martial status here your spouse name will be asked.

Then click Save my Details and hit Next button.

Fill the details 
In Residing Since enter the month and year from which you are staying in that address
Rest details are your mobile no and e-mail id etc fill that and hit Next

Do mention your previous Residential address by clicking Previous Residential Address1 on Top Left side of the screen.

Now click Emergency Contact on Top Left of the screen

Here you have to fill your Emergency contact deatils in case of any Emergency the number provided here will get the call and e-mail id mentioned here will get the mail

Click Save my Details and hit Next

Here you have to give details of any two persons who knows you you have to provide their name address ,mobile number and telephone number for both of your references

Police can verify your passport with the references also.

Click Save my Details and hit Next

Select Yes or No according to your conditions

Click Save my Details and hit Next

This will take information about your criminal proceedings
Select accordingly

Click Save my Details and hit Next

Check the details carefully

Click  Next

This is for Self Declaration here Enter Place and Date then check on I Agree box and click Save My Details 

Now if you want SMS service you can check on YES box in Passport Seva SMS service section and then you have to mention your number where you will get those SMS alerts
If you don’t want just check the box NO in Passport Seva SMS section

After this click on Submit

STEP 5. PAYMENT

GO TO APPLICANT’S HOME

Click on View Saved/Submitted Applications

Select your ARN and then click on Pay and Schedule Appointment

Now you have to pay the fees and schedule an appointment

STEP 6. OFFLINE VERIFICATION

NOW YOU HAVE TO VISIT THE PASSPORT SEVA KENDRA WHEREVER YOU HAVE SCHEDULED AN APPOINTMENT.
MAKE SURE TO PRESENT AT SCHEDULED DATE AND TIME.

DOCUMENTS WHICH ARE REQUIRED AT PASSPORT OFFICE

To know which documents will required in the passport office (It can vary for adults and minors)

Select Type of Application ,Applicant Category, and Non ECR  ( check yes on is applicant eligible for non-ECR category if you are 10th passed)

Click Continue

Check the boxes according to your conditions

Click View Required Documents

So these are the documents which will require . If you click on List of Acceptable Documents on respective documents you can get a list of documents which you can carry to the passport office .

In that list you just have to carry only one documents for each Document code.

Make sure to take one xerox copy of each of the documents in the passport office.

STEP 7. POLICE VERIFICATION

There are two kinds of police verification
1. PRE
2. POST

  1. PRE : While verifying your documents in passport office if there is some problem found in your documents then first police have to verify that documents .

2. POST : Police will verify your residential address after your verification is completed in the passport office ,sometimes even after you got the passport.

For any query regarding police verification visit POLICE VERIFICATION FAQ LINK

STEP 8. COLLECTION OF PASSPORT

After all this process takes place sucessfully your passport will send you through Speed post

So this was the complete process of how to get your passport in India | 2019 | UPDATED

FOR MORE INFORMATION ON CERTAIN DOCUMENTS CLICK.

TOP 10 MOST EXPENSIVE CARS

MOST EXPENSIVE CARS IN THE WORLD

here is a list of world’s top 10 most expensive cars as of 2019
We are not considering the customization costs. We only considered original cost of the respective cars and the price is in U.S $..so lets begin

10.  BUGATTI CHIRON  ($ 2.9 million)

SOME FEATURES OF THIS CAR

  • Horsepower: 1479 hp.
  • Torque: 1,180 lb-ft.
  • 0-60 MPH: 2.5 Seconds.
  • 0-250 MPH: 32.6 Seconds.
  • 60-0 Braking: 103 ft.
  • Top Speed: 261 mph.

for more information on this specific car  visit:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bugatti_Chiron

9.  FERRARI PININFERINA SERGIO  ($ 3.0 million)

some features of this car

  • PRODUCTION‎: ‎2013
  • ENGINE‎: ‎4.5 L FERRARI F136 F V8
  • 0-62MPH IN JUST 3.0SEC
  • TOP SPEED: 198 MPH
  • BODY STYLE: CONVERTIBLE

for more information on this specific car visit:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pininfarina_Sergio

8. ASTON MARTIN AM-RB 001 ($ 3.2 million)

SOME FEATURES OF THIS CAR

  • Year: 2018
  • Engine: 6.5 litre Cosworth naturally-aspirated V12 
  • Horsepower: 1000
  • Max Speed : 250 M.P.H
  • 0-60 time: 2.5 sec.

for more information on this specific car visit:https://www.topspeed.com/cars/aston_martin_am-rb_001/ke5590.html

7.  W MOTORS LYKAN HYPERSPORT  ($ 3.4 million) 

SOME FEATURES OF THIS CAR

  • Year: 2013
  • Engine: 3.7 L twin-turbocharged flat-six 
  • Horsepower: 780 hp
  • Max Speed : 240 MPH
  •  0-60 mph in 2.8 seconds

for more information on this specific car visit:https://wmotors.ae/the-lykan-hypersport

6.  McLAREN P1 LM  ($ 3.6 million)

SOME FEATURES OF THIS CAR

  • Year: 2013
  • Engine: 3.8 L twin-turbocharged M838TQ V8
  • Horsepower: 1000 hp
  • Max Speed : 217 MPH
  •  0-60 mph in 2.4 seconds

5. LAMBORGHIMI VENENO ($ 4.5 million)

SOME FEATURES OF THIS CAR 

  • Year: 2013
  • Engine: 6.5 L L539 V12
  • Horsepower: 750 hp
  • Max Speed : 221 MPH
  •  0-60 mph in 2.5 seconds

for more information of this specific car visit : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lamborghini_V%C3%A9neno

4.  KOENIGSEGG CCXR TREVITA ($ 4.8 million)

SOME FEATURES OF THIS CAR

  • Year: 2006
  • Engine: 4.7 L V8 
  • Horsepower: 1004 hp
  • Max Speed : 254 MPH
  •  0-60 mph in 3.2 seconds

for more information on this specific car visit :https://www.koenigsegg.com/trevita/

3. BUGATTI DIVO ($ 5.8 million)

SOME FEATURES OF THIS CAR

  • Year: 2018
  • Engine:  ‎8.0 L (488 cu in) quad-turbocharged W16
  • Horsepower: 1479 hp
  • Max Speed : 236 MPH
  •  0-60 mph in 2.5 seconds

for more information of this specific car visit: https://www.topspeed.com/cars/bugatti/2019-bugatti-divo-ar182273.html

2.  MERCEDES-BENZ MAYBACH EXELERO ($ 8.0 million)

SOME FEATURES OF THIS CAR

  • Year: 2005
  • Engine:  ‎twin turbo V12 
  • Horsepower: 690 hp
  • Max Speed : 218 MPH
  •  0-60 mph in 4.4 seconds

for more information on this specific car visit : https://www.automobile-catalog.com/make/maybach/exelero/exelero/2005.html

  1. ROLLS-ROYCE SWEPTAIL ($ 13.0 million)

SOME FEATURES OF THIS CAR

  • Year: 2017
  • Engine:  ‎6.75 L V12  
  • Horsepower: 453 hp
  • Max Speed : 150 MPH
  •  0-60 mph in 5.6 seconds

FOR MORE  INTERESTING INFORMATION ABOUT CARS